Submission Guidelines for Abstract

This template provides information for i-IKM authors regarding the preparation of their structured abstract. We request that authors use this template and the styles embedded in the document to facilitate the review process. The title should capture the essence of your research.

Do not include author names, affiliations and contact information in the abstract.

Keywords: Include maximum 4-6 keywords here, which are specific and reflect the essence of your research. The keywords should be separated by commas, Keyword (except the first one) will be small letters and the last one ends with a dot.

Length: Provide the length of the body (i.e. not counting the list of references) of the abstract. The length should be between 400-500 words (including Keywords).

1. Purpose: The research Purpose should be clearly stated. Be very explicit in saying what you aim to achieve with the research.

2. Design/Methodology/Approach: This section must describe the methods you (intend to) use in the research, and provide information about your (intended) sample, constructs and variables, methods of data collection and validation, and analytical techniques.

3. Findings: This part of the abstract conveys the results of your study. You should provide a critical synopsis of the findings of the study, using key data to demonstrate the outcomes.  Avoid simply citing data, particularly in quantitative studies. What is required is a synthesis of the data and how it answers your research question.  Information should flow logically between each of the key findings. Define any weaknesses or strengths identified in your data and conclude with the implications of your findings and their contribution towards the field of research that was investigated.

4. Research limitations/implications (if applicable): This portion will provide suggestions for future research and any identified limitations in the research process.

5. Practical Implications (if applicable): This part will identify the outcomes and implications for practice, applications and consequences.

6. Social Implications (if applicable): This part will identify the impact on society of this research.

7. Originality/value : This part state the new insight and value of the paper as well as to whom.


References: References should be included in abstract according to the guideline of APA 6th Edition

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